Other Notable Health Studies & Research From May 13-15, 2022

There are dozens of studies, innovations, and research findings released everyday by institutions and clinics across the world. Here’s a look at some of the other notable health reports from May 13-15.

CU Surgery Faculty Member Contributes to Study on Traumatic Injuries Caused By Exploding E-cigarettes
The dangers of using electronic cigarettes are well known when it comes to the potential for addiction and lung injury, but new research published in the Journal of Surgical Research finds another cause for concern when it comes to e-cigarettes: the potential for the vaping devices to explode during use.

Modifying the body’s immune system to help treat Type 1 diabetes
In a new study, a team of researchers from the University of Missouri, Georgia Tech and Harvard University has demonstrated the successful use of a novel Type 1 diabetes treatment in a large animal model.

Scripps Research scientists explain what makes COVID-19 antibody “J08” so potent
Last year, scientists at Scripps Research and Toscana Life Sciences studied the blood of 14 COVID-19 survivors to find the most potent antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

“Growing end” of inflammation discovered
Researchers from the Universities of Bonn and Cologne were able to show that inflammatory reactions of an important sensor protein proceed in a specific spatial direction.

Novel biomaterial prevents rejection of transplants for type 1 diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune response attacks the pancreas’s insulin-producing beta cells, leading to marked fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

Hispanic people with chest pain wait in ER on average 28 minutes longer than other people
Hispanic people who went to the emergency room (ER) reporting chest pain waited longer than non-Hispanic people to be treated, admitted to the hospital or discharged from the ER, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Scientific Sessions 2022.

Biomaterial Improves Islet Transplants for Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes
The microgels present a potent immunomodulatory protein called SA-FasL to modulate the body’s immune response, allowing the transplanted insulin-producing cells to safely do their job, regulating blood glucose levels, and fighting diabetes.

Links connecting stress, depression and heart disease risk found in mouse model
Results from a new mouse model may aid in understanding how depression and prolonged and severe stress increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Vascular Discovery: From Genes to Medicine Scientific Sessions 2022.

New measure of sperm age may be predictor of pregnancy success
A novel technique to measure the age of male sperm has the potential to predict the success and time it takes to become pregnant, according to a newly published study by researchers at the Wayne State University School of Medicine.

Dr. Denise Howard Named Chief of Obstetrics and Gynecology at NewYork-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital
Dr. Denise Howard, a leading obstetrician and gynecologist who specializes in gynecologic surgery and women’s reproductive health, has been appointed chief of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at NewYork-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital, effective May 1.

UCF Developing Scam Screener for the Elderly
UCF researchers are developing a tool for primary care providers that could help them protect senior citizens from scammers who steal everything from the elderly’s life’s savings to their identity.

Neuroimaging advances show promise in helping transcranial electrical stimulation to effectively treat visual hallucinations
A literature review in Harvard Review of Psychiatry indicates that, while transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) has rarely been used in treating visual hallucinations (VH) among patients with psychiatric disorders, recent advances in neuroimaging technology show promise in helping tES to more effectively treat VH in psychiatric disorders where VH are a core symptom.

Hospices vary widely in prescribing of “comfort kit” medications
But a new study shows massive variations in which hospice patients actually get two types of powerful medications often included in these kits.

‘Friendly’ gut bacteria may eliminate pathogens by competing for energy resources
New research from scientists at UC Davis Health provides clues for how friendly bacteria in the gut — probiotics — may help eradicate bacterial pathogens like Salmonella by competing with them for needed resources.

New study of train travel pre- and during Covid-19 suggests three ways to make commuting less stressful
A study by an Aston University engineering systems and management expert suggests that encouraging rail passengers to buy tickets via their smartphones is one of three changes that could make commuting quicker and safer.

Malaria parasites form vortices
In just such experiments, researchers at Heidelberg University have set the pathogens in motion and analysed the acquired image data using cutting-edge methods of image processing.

Our cells take their ease in the curves
A team from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) has just made a surprising discovery in this field: when a tissue curves, the volume of the cells that compose it increases instead of decreasing.

Microbes help orchestrate how the gut uses its genes
The microbes that help break down food actually tell the gut how to do its job better, according to a new study in mice at Duke.

Antibiotic use associated with inflammatory bowel disease in older adults
The more antibiotics prescribed to patients 60 and older, the more likely they were to develop inflammatory bowel disease, suggesting antibiotic use could explain some of the growth in Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis in older people, according to a review of 2.3 million patient records in a study selected for presentation at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2022.

Researchers Use Virus to Fight Bacterial Infection, Clearing Way for Life-Saving Lung Transplant
For the first time, researchers have successfully used bacteriophages – viruses that kill bacteria – to treat an antibiotic-resistant mycobacterial lung infection, clearing the way for a young National Jewish Health patient with cystic fibrosis to receive a life-saving lung transplant.

Federal Subsidies Kept COVID-Strapped Hospitals Financially Stable In 2020, First Year of Pandemic
Subsidies from the federal government kept hospitals across the U.S. afloat during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, effectively defraying income loss even for the most vulnerable medical centers, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health report in a new study.

Association Between Distance to an Abortion Facility and Abortion or Pregnancy Outcome Among a Prospective Cohort of People Seeking Abortion Online
In this cohort study of 856 individuals considering abortion and seeking abortion care online, living 50 miles or more from an abortion facility was associated with still being pregnant (still seeking an abortion or planning to continue pregnancy) 4 weeks later.

COVID-19 and Hospital Financial Viability in the US
The study results suggest that the COVID-19 relief fund effectively offset the operational financial losses of hospitals during the COVID-19 era, particularly for government, rural, and smaller hospitals, which are typically more financially vulnerable and have been supported by some targeted fund allocation.

Effect of Expansion of Abbreviations and Acronyms on Patient Comprehension of Their Health Records
This trial used a purposive sample representative on age, gender, and race that was enrolled between February 2020 and August 2021 (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05297942) (trial protocol and statistical analysis plan in Supplement 1).

Association Between Distance to an Abortion Facility and Abortion or Pregnancy Outcome Among a Prospective Cohort of People Seeking Abortion Online
In this cohort study of 856 individuals considering abortion and seeking abortion care online, living 50 miles or more from an abortion facility was associated with still being pregnant (still seeking an abortion or planning to continue pregnancy) 4 weeks later.

Antibiotics can lead to fungal infection because of disruption to the gut’s immune system
According to a new study from the University of Birmingham and National Institutes of Health, using immune-boosting drugs alongside the antibiotics could reduce the health risks from these complex infections.

Early study finds new lymphoma drug effective
In early research led by the University of Michigan Health Rogel Cancer Center, the oral medication zanubrutinib was found to help most patients with a slow-growing type of cancer known as marginal zone lymphoma.

Adolescent and young adult leukemia survivors have shorter life span compared to those who have never had cancer
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered that adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have reduced long-term survival rates compared to their peers without cancer.

How sleep helps to process emotions
Researchers at the Department of Neurology of the University of Bern and University Hospital Bern identified how the brain triages emotions during dream sleep to consolidate the storage of positive emotions while dampening the consolidation of negative ones.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease causes premature aging of the immune system, study suggests
A study conducted at the University of São Paulo’s Medical School (FM-USP) in Brazil, with results reported in an article published in the journal Immunity & Ageing, shows that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) leads to premature senescence (age-related impairment) of the immune system.

A Single Hormone Directs Body’s Responses to Low-Protein Diet
A new study from Pennington Biomedical Research Center, published in the journal Nature Communications, found that reducing the amount of protein in the diet produced an array of favorable health outcomes, including an extension of lifespan, and that these effects depend on a liver-derived metabolic hormone called Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 (FGF21).

Great progress thanks to mini organs
A few stem cells, various growth factors, four to six weeks of time – and of course a great deal of expertise are needed to create a scaled-down but nevertheless lifelike and functional replica of a cervix in the laboratory.

IVI, LG Electronics, Korean donors, AHRI and EPHI join hands to vaccinate 100,000 people at risk of cholera in Ethiopia
The International Vaccine Institute (IVI), in collaboration with LG Electronics, the Ethiopian government led by Armaur Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), and the Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI), will vaccinate 40,000 people against cholera in May to support prevention of the disease in Ethiopia.

Blood adenosine levels as a potential biomarker of white matter disease in a selected population of very low birth weight premature infants
Prematurity affects about 10% of pregnancies worldwide each year. In about 20% of very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants, punctate white matter lesions (PWML) can be diagnosed at MRI at term equivalent age.

The 13th World Congress of the World Mitochondria Society will be held next October in Berlin
On behalf of the Scientific Committee of the World Mitochondria Society (WMS), we are pleased to announce the organization of the 13th Annual Meeting of WMS on Targeting Mitochondria, which will be held on October 26-28, 2022 at the Steigenberger Hotel Am Kanzleramt, Berlin, Germany.

mRNA booster vaccines may be a good investment in developing countries
New research from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows that a booster shot of mRNA vaccine to individuals who have received two doses of inactivated vaccine offers the same level of protection against COVID-19 as three doses of mRNA vaccine.

Menopausal hormonal shift alters women’s metabolism
A study performed at the Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences of the University of Jyväskylä shows that changes in blood metabolite profile accompany the shift in sex hormone levels during menopause.

Structure of key protein for cell division puzzles researchers
Max Planck Institute’s researchers provide a first 3D snapshot of the CCAN protein complex and raise fundamental questions towards the creation of artificial chromosomes.

Toolkit to tackle potentially deadly opioid over prescription to be rolled out across parts of England
Leicester researchers are working with NHS partners in the East of England to lead the way in delivering the NHS’ goal of halving the amount of opioids prescribed for non-cancer pain by 2024.

Humans may have evolved to show signs of stress to evoke support from others
Showing signs of stress could make us more likeable and prompt others to act more positively towards us, according to a new study by scientists at Nottingham Trent University and the University of Portsmouth.

Mechanism revealed for spread of antibiotic resistance among bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tsukuba show that antibiotic resistance can be transferred between Staphylococcus bacteria by a process known as natural transformation.

Adolescent and Young Adult Leukemia Survivors Face Higher Mortality Rates Than the General Population for Decades After Diagnosis
The long-term survival of adolescent and young adult (AYA) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors was shorter than that of the general population, and the differences persisted for up to 30 years after diagnosis, according to results published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

A Vertical Matrix X-Ray Detector For Multi-Energy Discrimination
There are three types of cone cells in the retina that are called L-cones (sensitive to red light), M-cones (sensitive to green light), and S-cones (sensitive to blue light).

A*STAR, NHCS, NUS, and Novo Nordisk to collaborate on cardiovascular disease research
The Agency for Science, Technology and Research’s (A*STAR) Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS) and Bioinformatics Institute (BII), as well as the National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS), National University of Singapore (NUS), and pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk have signed an agreement to study the mechanisms underlying cardiovascular disease progression—especially the condition called heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).

Analysis reveals increasing prevalence of esophageal cancer and Barrett’s esophagus in middle-aged adults
Adults aged 45 to 64 experienced a nearly doubled rate of esophageal cancer and a 50 percent increase in the precancerous condition Barrett’s esophagus between 2012 and 2019, according to a database analysis of roughly five million patients to be presented at Digestive Disease Week® 2022.

Gallstone disease shown to be a strong predictor of pancreatic cancer
Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) were six times more likely to have had gallstone disease within the year prior to diagnosis than non-cancer patients, suggesting gallstones could be a warning sign for this aggressive and deadly cancer, according to research to be presented at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2022.

Lean people with NAFLD more likely to have cardiovascular disease than those who are overweight
Those with a normal body mass index (BMI) with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are more likely to have cardiovascular disease than those who are overweight or living with obesity, according to research selected for presentation at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2022.

Over seven million Europeans estimated to have skin cancer, despite ‘majority of cases’ being preventable / On estime que plus de sept millions d’Européens ont un cancer de la peau, mais une «majorité des cas» pourrait être évitée
Results of a new European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology(EADV) survey presented today at EADV’s Spring Symposium show that 1.71% of the adult European general population reported having skin cancer, meaning some 7,304,000Europeans are estimated to have the disease.

Solid tumors use a type of T cell as a shield against immune attack
An unexpected trick in cancer’s playbook may fool an important component of our immune systems into knocking down our natural defenses against solid tumors.

Hormonal changes during menopause are directly related to decline in cardiovascular health
Levels of bad cholesterol rise during menopause, and 10% of this increase is due to shifts in sex hormones.

Six lithium dose predictors for patients with bipolar disorder
Six predictors could help determine the amount of lithium needed to treat patients with bipolar disorder, according to a large study led by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.

Updates on gene therapy for ‘bubble boy’ disease and cellular immunotherapy at ASGCT
St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists will discuss research on cellular therapies for pediatric cancer and more at the annual gathering of the professional society for gene and cellular therapy researchers.

A gene in tuberculosis bacteria is found essential for siderophore secretion and virulence
Lei Zhang, Ph.D., and Michael Niederweis, Ph.D., of the University of Alabama at Birmingham have made what they call “a major step” in understanding how Mycobacterium tuberculosis acquires iron from its human host — a process essential for the pathogenesis of this bacterium.

Peaks identified in time of year, day of week for assault-related injury visits to emergency departments
Violence is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. and preventing assault-related injuries is a priority in public health and clinical medicine.

Immunotherapy After Bladder Cancer Surgery Shows Excellent Cancer-free Survival Rates
Immunotherapy after surgery helped reduce cancer recurrence in patients with urothelial cancer of the bladder or other sites in the urinary tract that had invaded the muscle and therefore posed a high risk for recurrence, according to clinical trial results presented at the American Urological Association (AUA) annual meeting in May.

Targeted support program improved blood pressure among Black and Hispanic adults in Bronx
A nurse-led blood pressure program that included patient education and support for management of high blood pressure resulted in participants taking their blood pressure medication regularly and having fewer episodes of uncontrolled high blood pressure, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Scientific Sessions 2022.

Prediabetes linked to higher heart attack risk in young adults
Young adults with higher than normal blood sugar levels that signal prediabetes were more likely to be hospitalized for heart attack compared to their peers with normal blood sugar levels, according to in preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Scientific Sessions 2022.

AI tool could dramatically decrease diagnostic times for psoriatic arthritis patients
Researchers in Israel have shown that a new machine-learning tool can speed up the diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) by up to 4 years, potentially preventing irreversible joint damage and deteriorating function for sufferers.

Pharmacists at Higher Risk of Suicide than General Population, Study Finds
The pandemic put a spotlight on mental health and burnout within health care professions, but emerging research reveals these issues have been affecting health care workers for years, with suicide rates notably high among physicians and nurses.

Benefits of PSA Prostate Cancer Screening Found to Be More Favorable than Previous Estimates, Especially for Blacks
New research led by investigators from Weill Cornell Medicine, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, University Hospitals Cleveland and Case Western Reserve University found that prostate cancer screening with the prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test has remarkably favorable tradeoffs.

Black Men at Increased Risk of Misdiagnosis of Emphysema
Research presented at the American Thoracic Society 2022 International Conference found that Black men were often determined to have normal lung function after race-based adjustments to spirometry before CT scans found emphysema.

Potentially dangerous synthetic cooling agents are used at high levels in E-cigarettes and refillable vaping liquids
E-cigarette makers are adding potentially dangerous levels of the synthetic cooling agents WS-3 and WS-23 to disposable e-cigarettes and e-cigarette refills sold in the U.S., according to research published at the ATS 2022 international conference.

Robotic surgery is safer and improves patient recovery time
Robotic surgery used to remove and reconstruct bladder cancer allows patients to recover much faster and spend significantly (20 percent) less time in the hospital, concludes a first-of-its-kind clinical trial led by scientists from UCL and the university. from Sheffield.

Robotic surgery improves patient recovery time
A new study, published in JAMA, finds that robotic surgery cuts the chance of readmission by half (52%), and reveals a “staggering” fourfold (77%) reduction in the prevalence of blood clots (deep vein thrombosis). and pulmonary embolus) – an important cause of poor health and morbidity – when compared to patients who underwent open surgery.

Online Sentiment about Vaccines Previews Later Vaccination Rates, New Twitter Study Finds
Sentiments toward COVID-19 vaccines, whether positive or negative, previews subsequent vaccination rates, finds a study of related Twitter posts.

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