There are dozens of studies, innovations, and research findings released everyday by institutions and clinics across the world. Here’s a look at some of the other notable health reports from May 18.
Risk factors for dementia may vary with age
A new study shows that among people around age 55, the risk of developing dementia over the next 10 years was increased in those with diabetes and high blood pressure.
NIAID Announces Antiviral Drug Development Awards
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded approximately $577 million to establish nine Antiviral Drug Discovery (AViDD) Centers for Pathogens of Pandemic Concern.
Navigating Uncharted Territory in Female Brain Aging
Researchers at the University of Arizona Health Sciences Center for Innovation in Brain Science were awarded a $2.7 million MERIT award from the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute on Aging to continue work on the impact of estrogen as a master regulator of the brain’s bioenergetic system, which promotes glucose transport and metabolism and energy generation.
Maintaining normal serum potassium levels in peritoneal dialysis may reduce risk of peritonitis
Hypokalemia is usually present in sufferers on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and related to poor outcomes. A multicenter, open-label, potential, randomized managed trial was carried out in 167 hypokalemic sufferers receiving PD.
CMU and Columbia Researchers Magnify Hidden Biological Structures with MAGNIFIERS
A research team from Carnegie Mellon University and Columbia have combined two emerging imaging technologies to better view a wide range of biomolecules, including proteins, lipids and DNA, at the nanoscale.
Brain Capital: A New Investment Approach for Late-Life Well-Being
Within many societies and cultures around the world, older adults are too often undervalued and underappreciated, according to a new article in the journal Innovation in Aging.
Surveillance pathway tells cells when they run low on lipids
UT Southwestern researchers have discovered a molecular pathway that allows cells to sense when their lipid supplies become depleted, prompting a flurry of activity that prevents starvation.
Both nature and nurture contribute to signatures of socioeconomic status in the brain
In a new report in Science Advances, an international research team led by scientists at the University of Pennsylvania and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam take strides to tease apart the relative contributions of genes and environment.
Childhood circumstances and personality traits are associated with loneliness in older age
Life circumstances during childhood—including having fewer friends and siblings, low-quality relationships with parents, bad health and growing up in a poorer household—are all correlated with a higher rate of loneliness in older age, according to a new study published this week in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Sophie Guthmuller of Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria.
Women who embraced their partner subsequently had lower stress-induced cortisol response
Women instructed to embrace their romantic partner prior to undergoing a stressful experience had a lower biological stress response—as indicated by levels of the stress hormone cortisol in saliva—compared to women who did not embrace their partner.
Study in Mice Suggests that COVID-19 Increases Risk of Developing Parkinson’s Disease
Now, Jefferson and collaborators show in a new study performed in mice, that the SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic could increase the risk of brain degeneration seen in Parkinson’s disease.
Aging-US: Hallmarks of Cancer and Hallmarks of Aging Reviewed
In this review, Dr. Blagosklonny expands on Gems and de Magalhães’ notion that canonic hallmarks of aging are superficial imitations of the hallmarks of cancer.
Rutgers Pair Creates Monitoring Toolkit to Speed Production of Biologic Drugs
Two Rutgers engineers specializing in the process of making drugs derived from living organisms have created an analytical tool they expect will accelerate the discovery and production of biologic drugs that are often at the cutting edge of biomedical research.
Choline makes key nutrient available for baby development
The nutrient choline – shown to have long-term benefits for children whose mothers consume it during pregnancy – also helps the body more efficiently use an omega 3 fatty acid that is essential for fetal brain, cognition and vision development, a new study finds.
New Surgical Robot Is Safe and Effective for Localized Prostate Cancer Surgery
A new surgical robotic system is “feasible, safe, and effective” for treatment of early-stage prostate cancer, concludes an initial evaluation in The Journal of Urology®, an Official Journal of the American Urological Association (AUA).
How three mutations work together to spur new SARS-CoV-2 variants
In a new study in ACS’ Biochemistry, researchers examined how these mutations change the way a key piece of the virus functions.
In stop-COVID19 trial, Brensocatib did not improve condition of patients with severe COVID-19
Brensocatib did not improve the clinical status of patients hospitalized with severe SARS-CoV-2 infection in the double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled STOP-COVID19 multicenter clinical trial, according to research published at the ATS 2022 international conference.
Four‑year college students drink more, use marijuana less than community college peers
Students at four-year colleges and universities drink nearly twice as much alcohol as their peers in two-year colleges, according to a survey of college students in the Seattle area.
‘Honey, Don’t Forget the Sunscreen!’ Three Beliefs That Affect Sunscreen Use by Older Adults
Reminders from a romantic partner might be an effective way to encourage sunscreen use by people age 50 or older, suggests a study in the May/June issue of The Journal of the Dermatology Nurses’ Association, official publication of the Dermatology Nurses’ Association.
COVID long-haulers: Study shows who is most at risk, impact on local communities
A Japanese research team looking at COVID-19’s lingering impacts on survivors and local communities found that having a mild case of COVID-19, smoking status, comorbidities, or your sex aren’t significant predictors to tell if you are less likely to develop long-term symptoms but age is.
Study shows family medicine physicians face many barriers to providing medical abortions
Doctors cite resistance from institutions and government restrictions that block patients from accessing abortion pills.
Study Finds Kaiser Permanente Initiative Improves Mental Health in Online Gaming Community
A first-of-its-kind mental health initiative developed by Kaiser Permanente and esports organization Cloud9 has been found to be an effective way of supporting the mental health of young adult esports players and fans, according to a new study published today in NEJM Catalyst.
Quantifying the live microbes on your plate
A group of scientists has completed the first large-scale estimate of how many live microbes are consumed by Americans daily.
Imatinib Shows Improved Outcomes for Patients with Severe COVID-19 in the CounterCOVID Clinical Trial
Patients with severe COVID-19 who were given imatinib had lower mortality rates at 90-day follow-up, according to research published at the ATS 2022 international conference.
Leicester health research recognised among best in the UK
Health research enabled by partnership between the University of Leicester and both the University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust and Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust has been recognised among the best in the UK.
Component for brain-inspired computing
Researchers from ETH Zurich, the University of Zurich and Empa have developed a new material for an electronic component that can be used in a wider range of applications than its predecessors.
Cardio-Obstetrics Survey Gives Birth to New Training Needs
Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of pregnancy‐related death, yet a new national survey led by doctors at the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai suggests that few cardiologists, trainees or care team members are trained in cardio-obstetrics, a specialty that brings together experts from cardiology, obstetrics and primary care.
A new form of therapy for autistic individuals has been evaluated
A doctoral thesis at Karolinska Institutet has investigated whether Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT) can be used for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
“Natural Immunity” from Omicron is Weak and Limited, Study Finds
In unvaccinated people, infection with the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 provides little long-term immunity against other variants, according to a new study by researchers at Gladstone Institutes and UC San Francisco (UCSF), published today in the journal Nature.
Coeliac cereal – Research shows oats could be the answer
Ground-breaking new research published in Nature has decoded the genome of oats and explained why the popular cereal could be suitable for most people with coeliac disease and gluten intolerance.
The oat genome unlocks the unique health benefits of oats
Scientists from Helmholtz Munich, Lund University and the ScanOats network finally elucidated at the genetic level why oats are healthier and cause fewer allergies and intolerances than other cereals.
Oat reference genome: Insights into a uniquely healthy cereal crop
An international research team now presents a high-quality reference genome of A. sativa and its most closely related wild relatives.
New Weight-Loss Intervention Targets Instinctive Desire to Eat
People who are highly responsive to food lost more weight and, importantly, were more successful at keeping the pounds off using a new alternative weight-loss intervention that targets improving a person’s response to internal hunger cues and their ability to resist food, reported a team led by University of California San Diego experts in the May 18, 2022 online issue of JAMA Network Open.