Other Notable Health Studies & Research From May 23, 2022

There are dozens of studies, innovations, and research findings released everyday by institutions and clinics across the world. Here’s a look at some of the other notable health reports from May 23.

Microbes can degrade the toughest PFAS
Engineers at UC Riverside are the first to report selective breakdown of a particularly stubborn class of PFAS called fluorinated carboxylic acids (FCAs) by common microorganisms.

Foreign fishing fleets and trade are taking fish nutrients away from malnourished people
Foreign fishing fleets, as well as international seafood trade, are diverting vital micronutrients away from malnourished populations, a new study reveals.

Rice bioengineers are shining light on bacterial stress
Rice University synthetic biologists and bioengineers are preparing to interrogate some single-celled survivalists to find out how they deal with stress.

In less than 10 minutes, Stanford researchers isolate the rarest white blood cells
Stanford researchers quickly isolate rare, allergen-reactive white blood cells, called basophils, using microfluidics and magnets.

Requiring CPR/AED Training in Schools Can Improve OHCA Rates
States with laws requiring CPR/automated external defibrillator (AED) training in high school have higher rates of bystander CPR (BCPR) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) than states with no CPR education laws, according to a study today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

‘I don’t even remember what I read’: People enter a ‘dissociative state’ when using social media
Researchers at the University of Washington wondered if people enter a similar state of dissociation when surfing social media, and if that explains why users might feel out of control after spending so much time on their favorite app.

Body weight influences the chance of developing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
European Congress of Endocrinology 2022 Abstract OC5.4: Body Composition during Childhood, Adolescence and Adulthood influences the odds of developing Polycystic Ovary.

Physical Consequences Improve Motor Learning
Actions have consequences, and the physical consequence of slipping improves motor learning, according to research recently published in eNeuro.

Researchers Use National Study to Enhance Understanding of Late-Life Disability and Care
A new supplemental issue to The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences features papers examining outcomes from 10 years of the seminal National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS).

Amid scary headlines about disease, important progress against tuberculosis
Doctors and scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine are making important progress in their longstanding efforts to better understand, prevent and treat tuberculosis, and they’ve received a $1.25 million boost for a partnership with colleagues in Tanzania to train the next generation of front-line soldiers in the war against the disease.

Using Artificial Intelligence to Predict Life-Threatening Bacterial Disease in Dogs
Veterinarians and researchers at the University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine have discovered a technique to predict leptospirosis in dogs through the use of artificial intelligence.

Study reveals evidence that bacteria can live in snake and spider venoms
Newly published research led by Northumbria University shows that, contrary to what is commonly believed, the venom of snakes and spiders is actually populated with microbes, including bacteria that could cause infection in people who have suffered a bite.

Penn Medicine and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Announce Partnership with Costa Rica for CAR T Cell Therapy
Penn Medicine and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), who together pioneered the research and development of the world’s first personalized cellular therapy for cancer — also known as CAR T cell therapy — have announced plans with Costa Rica’s CCSS, or the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social (Social Security Program), to facilitate CAR T research in Costa Rica.

First European Hormone Day underscores the importance of hormones
European Hormone Day aims to raise awareness and educate decision-makers about the important role of hormones in diseases such as obesity, diabetes, thyroid disorders, infertility, osteoporosis and more than 400 rare diseases.

Breakthrough COVID infections more likely in cancer and Alzheimer’s patients, studies find
Breakthrough COVID-19 cases resulting in infections, hospitalizations and deaths are significantly more likely in cancer and Alzheimer’s patients, according to two new studies from researchers at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

Genetic test can diagnose certain immune system disorders
Advances in genetic testing help uncover the link between inherited genetic defects and primary immune deficiency disorders, raising the possibility for more targeted therapeutic options, researchers report in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Gene-edited tomatoes could be a new source of vitamin D
Tomatoes gene-edited to produce vitamin D, the sunshine vitamin, could be a simple and sustainable innovation to address a global health problem.

Reducing screen time increases physical activity in children
Many young people spend much of their time using digital screens which may reduce their engagement in physical activity. But children have always been sedentary during most of their awake time.

The limits of vision: seeing shadows in the dark
Mice use a specific neural pathway to detect shadows, and it can detect just about the dimmest shadows possible, according to new research from Aalto University and the University of Helsinki.

Assessment of Perioperative Outcomes Among Surgeons Who Operated the Night Before
In this cross-sectional study of 498 234 daytime operations performed by 1131 surgeons at 20 US institutions, there was no significant association between operating the previous night and the incidence of in-hospital death or major complications (sepsis, pneumonia, myocardial infarction, thromboembolic event, or stroke) for daytime operations performed the subsequent day.

COVID-19 Transmission Due to Delta Variant in New York City Public Schools From October to December 2021
New York City agencies receive reports of COVID-19 cases through multiple data systems and identify school-based contacts in collaboration with teachers and administrators (eAppendix in the Supplement).

Association Between the COVID-19 Pandemic and Disparities in Access to Major Surgery in the US
In this cross-sectional study of 3 470 905 adults undergoing major surgery, the reduction in elective surgery case volumes during the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services moratorium was not greater for Black individuals, Asian individuals, and individuals of other races than for White individuals.

Scientists Find Sea Corals are Source of Sought After “Anti-Cancer” Compound
For 25 years, drug hunters have been searching for the source of a natural chemical that had shown promise in initial studies for treating cancer. Now, researchers at University of Utah Health report that easy-to-find soft corals make the elusive compound.

AI helps diagnose post-COVID lung problems
A new computer-aided diagnostic tool developed by KAUST scientists could help overcome some of the challenges of monitoring lung health following viral infection.

New research may explain unexpected effects of common painkillers
Now, using cell cultures and mice, Yale researchers have uncovered a distinct mechanism by which a subset of NSAIDs reduce inflammation.

Special Issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry Examines Structural Racism and Mental Health Disparities, Offers Solutions
A special issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry, released today at the American Psychiatric Association’s Annual Meeting, highlights the pervasive negative consequences of structural racism on mental health and the importance of community and system-wide interventions and proposes mental health inequity research priorities.

What’s in your weed? The label doesn’t tell you much, study suggests
Labels like indica, sativa and hybrid—commonly used to distinguish one category of cannabis from another—tell consumers little about what’s in their product and could be confusing or misleading, suggests a new study of nearly 90,000 samples across six states.

BU Researchers Develop a Novel AI Algorithm for Digital Pathology Analysis
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have developed a novel artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm based on a framework called representation learning to classify lung cancer subtype based on lung tissue images from resected tumors.

Identification of osteogenetic oligodeoxynucleotide that promotes bone differentiation
The research group lead by Assistant Professor Tomohide Takaya previously discovered an oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) that induces muscle differentiation.

U of M receives NIAID grant to develop drug treatments for future viral pandemics
The University of Minnesota has received $66 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) to establish a center to develop antiviral drugs for pandemic-level viruses, including SARS-CoV-2.

An essential new guidebook aims to promote how ‘tapping’ is being used to treat people around the world
A Staffordshire University Professor has published an essential guide to help EFT practitioners share their experiences of how ‘tapping’ is being used to treat people around the world.

The drug gabapentin may boost functional recovery after a stroke
The drug gabapentin, currently prescribed to control seizures and reduce nerve pain, may enhance recovery of movement after a stroke by helping neurons on the undamaged side of the brain take up the signaling work of lost cells, new research in mice suggests.

A subtle genetic change gives new clues about epilepsy
In a young boy with epilepsy, this kind of mutation has not just affected the functioning of the protein in question – it could also curb the functioning of several closely related proteins.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network Honors Oncology Leaders Promoting Progress in Cancer Care
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) today announced the recipients of 2022 awards for both internal and external champions advancing NCCN’s mission and helping all people with cancer to live better lives.

One-off treatment shown to prevent long term side effects of cancer radiotherapies
A new study found that a simple one-time treatment can prevent the long-term side effects of radiation therapy for cancer.

Further insights into the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein glycan shield
The groups of Dr. Abrescia and Dr. Jiménez-Osés at CIC bioGUNE have combined high-resolution cryo-electron microscopy and computer simulation to understand the correlation between sugar identity and flexibility in the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein and published the results in Frontiers in Microbiology.

Neurons: How RNA granules grow and shrink
LMU scientists have shown that small aggregates function as temporary RNA repositories, which are regulated by neural activity.

A New Statistical Method for Improved Brain Mapping
Brain mapping consists in finding the brain regions associated with different traits, such as diseases, cognitive functions, or behaviours, and is a major field of research in neuroscience. This approach is based on statistical models and is subject to numerous biases.

Turning X chromosome “off and on again” critical for oocyte development
Researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) in Barcelona have identified a potential new diagnostic marker that predicts the successful and efficient development of mammalian egg cells.

Statement updates ambulatory blood pressure classification in children and adolescents
An American Heart Association scientific statement reviewing new evidence and guidance on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring of children and adolescents published today in the Association’s journal Hypertension.

Lifestyle changes, meds effective to prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes; no change in CVD
A lifestyle intervention program of increased physical activity, healthy eating and aiming for weight loss of 7% or more, or taking the medication metformin were effective long-term to delay or prevent Type 2 diabetes in adults with prediabetes.

A review of 3D visualization techniques of medical images written for health professionals
A research team provides a review of three-dimensional (3D) visualization techniques for medical images, intending to bridge the gap between medical experts and visualization researchers.

Mads Melbye new Scientific Director at the Danish Cancer Society
At the Danish Cancer Society, Mads Melbye will have the overall leadership of the Danish Cancer Society Research Center, which employs approximately 155 researchers from 27 countries.

Men with obesity can double their sperm count
In a new clinical study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen and Hvidovre Hospital show that men with obesity improve their semen quality if they lose weight – and maintain the weight loss.

Using X-rays to identify liquid chiral molecules
Sugars, amino acids, drugs – chiral molecules are everywhere. Researchers in the AQUACHIRAL project at the Fritz-Haber-Institut have used X-rays to study hair-thin liquid jets of these molecules.

Monitoring the “journey” of microplastics through the intestine of a living organism
A UAB research team has managed to track the behaviour of microplastics during their “journey” through the intestinal tract of a living organism and illustrate what happens along the way.

Living with dogs (but not cats) as a toddler might protect against Crohn’s disease
Young children who grow up with a dog or in a large family may have some protection later in life from a common inflammatory bowel disease known as Crohn’s disease, according to a study to be presented at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2022.

Experts stress importance of monitoring for post-treatment opioid use in young sarcoma patients
New analysis finds more than half of U.S. adolescents and young adults with sarcoma—a type of cancer in the bones or soft tissues—are often prescribed opioids to treat their pain.

Consumers link higher-pitched commercials to healthier food products: study
A team of researchers from NTU Singapore studying how the acoustic and visual composition of advertisements impact perceptions,has found that consumers associate a higher frequency “sonic logo” with healthier food products.

Low glycaemic index diet helps heart patients lose weight
Eating low glycaemic index foods promotes a healthier body shape in patients with coronary artery disease, according to a study presented at ACNAP-EuroHeartCare Congress 2022, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

Stopping C9orf72-linked Dementia in Mutant Mice with Antibiotic Rifampicin
Scientists from Osaka Metropolitan University took an important step toward prevention of ALS and another brain disorder called Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) with their research on the effects of the antibiotic rifampicin on genetically modified mice.

Decoding Dynamics of Gut Microbiome in Response to Dietary Fiber
Researchers from the Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences proposed an ecological model for deciphering the dynamics of the gut microbiome in response to dietary fiber.

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