Other Notable Health Studies & Research From May 6, 2022

There are dozens of studies, innovations, and research findings released everyday by institutions and clinics across the world. Here’s a look at some of the other notable health reports from May 6.

Paid leave mandates reduce likelihood of decreasing paid work hours after a spouse’s health shock, study shows
The 2022 Economic Report of the President cited Associate Professor of Health Administration and Policy Priyanka Anand’s research on the impact of paid family leave mandates on labor supply and caregiving decisions following a spousal disability or health shock.

Remote Work Doesn’t Negatively Affect Productivity, Study Suggests
A research team from the Texas A&M University School of Public Health found that employee and company resiliency may be enhanced through the opportunity for employees to work remotely during natural disasters and other events that cause workplace displacement.

Candy-coated pills could prevent pharmaceutical fraud
While most of us were baking sourdough bread and watching “Tiger King” to stay sane during the pandemic shutdown, UC Riverside bioengineering professor William Grover kept busy counting the colorful candy sprinkles perched on top of chocolate drops.

Retinal cell map could advance precise therapies for blinding diseases
Researchers have identified distinct differences among the cells comprising a tissue in the retina that is vital to human visual perception.

Operating rooms are the climate change contributor no one’s talking about
In April 2021, during the Leaders Summit on Climate, President Biden announced his goal to drastically reduce the United States’ greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.

CHOP Researchers Develop New Computational Tool to Interpret Clinical Significance of Cancer Mutations
Researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have developed a new tool to help researchers interpret the clinical significance of somatic mutations in cancer.

Targeting Molecular Pathway that Causes Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a type of high blood pressure in the lungs, in which blood vessels are narrowed, blocked or destroyed, causing the heart to work harder and, in time, result in cardiac weakness and failure.

Study enlists friends, family to help sexual assault survivors with recovery
Most services for sexual assault survivors focus on the survivor. A UW Medicine researcher is studying a new program that instead focuses on survivors’ friends, family and other supporters.

Flip-flop genome
Our DNA acts like a blueprint for the cellular machinery that lets cells, organs, and whole organisms function.

Coaching Program Reduces Burnout Among Resident Physicians
A coaching program aimed at decreasing burnout among female resident physicians significantly reduced emotional exhaustion and imposter syndrome while increasing self-compassion over a six month period, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

Almost 1 in 4 Physicians Experience Workplace Mistreatment, Mostly from Patients and Visitors
According to new research from Boston Medical Center and Stanford University School of Medicine, almost a quarter of physicians who responded to a survey at Stanford Medicine experienced workplace mistreatment, with patients and visitors being the most common source.

Effect of Mailing an At-home Disposal Kit on Unused Opioid Disposal After Surgery
Many prescription opioids after surgery are left unused and are at risk of being misused. Encouraging proper disposal is important, yet motivating this behavior remains challenging because patients must understand the risks of opioid use and the benefits of disposal and identify methods of safe disposal.

Evaluation of Federal Policy Changes to the Hospice Benefit and Use of Hospice for Persons With ADRD
 In this cross-sectional study of Medicare claims data from 11 124 992 unique hospice episodes, there were immediate declines in the share of patients receiving hospice care with ADRD and a slower growth in use of hospice care among patients with ADRD after implementation of the US Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act and the 2-tier payment system compared with prepolicy trends.

Adequacy of Serial Self-performed SARS-CoV-2 Rapid Antigen Detection Testing for Longitudinal Mass Screening in the Workplace
In this cross-sectional study of 278 participants self-performing SARS-CoV-2 RADT in an intended-use setting, the accuracy of RADT interpretation was poor when the manufacturer’s instructions were used.

Program Issuing Mailed Kits Doubles Rate of Leftover Opioids Disposal
Mailed opioid disposal kits led to 60 percent of patients who had leftover opioid pain pills properly disposing of them after surgeries, according to a new study by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Minerals can be key to healing damaged tissue
A collaboration between researchers in the Department of Biomedical Engineering and the College of Medicine at Texas A&M University identifies the crucial role of minerals in regulating gene expression, thus controlling the number of proteins that a cell should make, thereby encouraging tissue regeneration and redefining cellular identity.

For Second Time In AGS History, Geriatrics Experts Award High Honor Typically Reserved For Individuals To Visionary Organization: West Health
For only the second time in its near 80-year history, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) will award one of its highest honors typically reserved for individuals to West Health, a family of nonprofit organizations dedicated to lowering healthcare costs to enable older adults to successfully age in place.

NIH launches clinical trial of Epstein-Barr virus vaccine
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, has launched an early-stage clinical trial to evaluate an investigational preventative vaccine for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

‘No cost’ way to improve neutron scattering resolution by 500 percent
Scientists pushing the limits of the world’s most advanced neutron scattering instruments know that a small amount of distortion in their measurements is inevitable.

CHAMPS Decreases Racial Inequities in Mississippi Breastfeeding Rates through Public Health Program
New research from Boston Medical Center assesses the impact of a statewide effort to improve breastfeeding rates in Mississippi, using an evidence-based strategy to evaluate the Communities and Hospitals Advancing Maternity Practices (CHAMPS) program. Published in Maternal & Child Nutrition, this study uses the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework to assess the impact of the program for improving breastfeeding rates in birthing hospitals and the community.

Active phase calorie restriction enhances longevity, UT Southwestern neuroscience study reveals
A new study in mice led by neuroscientists at UT Southwestern’s Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute shows that it’s not just calories that count.

Dissertation: Business intelligence acts as a precursor to strategy
Business Intelligence (BI) and analytics play a key role in strategy work. However, business intelligence is not just a data mass that supplements strategy or a self-evident prop, but, together with the predictions generated by new algorithms and computational models, it can even act as a driving force or “prime mover” in strategy formation, according to Yassine Talaoui’s doctoral thesis at the University of Vaasa.

Overweight and obesity may exacerbate harmful effects of alcohol on cancer risk
New research being presented at this year’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Maastricht, Netherlands (4–7 May), suggests that being overweight or obese amplifies the harmful effects of alcohol and the risk of developing alcohol-related cancer, particularly in people with a high body fat percentage.

The Josep Carreras Leukaemia Research Institute, has been selected by the National Cancer Institute for the Cancer Proteome Project with the support of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation
The Josep Carreras Leukaemia Research Institute, led by Dr. Manel Esteller and with the support of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, is joining the Cancer Proteome Project, a program to promote a line of research dedicated to the characterization of proteins in malignant tumors, which will allow us to learn more about the causes of leukemia.

Insilico Medicine expands synthetic lethality portfolio with nomination of a preclinical candidate targeting MAT2A for the treatment of MTAP-deleted cancers
Insilico Medicine (“Insilico”), a clinical-stage end-to-end artificial intelligence (AI)-driven drug discovery company, today announced that the company has nominated a preclinical candidate (PCC) targeting methionine adenosyltransferase 2A (MAT2A) from AI-designed molecules for the treatment of methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP)-deleted cancers.

Next Time Let’s Be More Prepared: Local COVID-19 Prevention System Need Work
Although many pandemics have occurred throughout human history, digital technology enables the development of new tools for dealing with these events. But now, researchers from Japan have found that some of these systems may not be as effective as initially hoped, indicating that we have much to learn about digital infection prevention.

‘Stressed’ cells offer clues to eliminating build-up of toxic proteins in dementia
It’s often said that a little stress can be good for you. Now scientists have shown that the same may be true for cells, uncovering a newly-discovered mechanism that might help prevent the build-up of tangles of proteins commonly seen in dementia.

No health benefits among adults who used both e-cigarettes and traditional cigarettes
People who use both traditional (combustible) cigarettes and e-cigarettes do not reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease compared to people who exclusively use traditional cigarettes, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship, peer-reviewed journal Circulation.

ACNAP-EuroHeartCare Congress 2022: working with patients to manage cardiovascular disease
Discover how patients with heart disease can live well, be healthy, and live longer1 at ACNAP-EuroHeartCare Congress 2022, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

Digital twins an aid to give individual patients the right treatment at the right time
An international team of researchers have developed advanced computer models, or “digital twins”, of diseases, with the goal of improving diagnosis and treatment.

It’s All in the Wrist: A Portable MRI System for Early Detection of Sports Injuries
Researchers at the University of Tsukuba develop a portable MRI system specifically for identifying wrist cartilage damage among athletes, providing a convenient means of early detection and treatment of injuries.

Obesity threatens US military readiness
Obesity is recognized as a public health crisis with serious medical and economic effects, but a Perspective in Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, published by Elsevier, outlines how obesity’s consequences also impact the US military.

Revealing the individual immune cells inside the plaque that causes life-threatening heart attacks
Through single-cell RNA sequencing, a research group has successfully illuminated the characteristics of Myeloid immune cells in coronary plaque, which causes acute coronary syndrome (this term includes conditions such as unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction (heart attack)).

New research confirms racism in healthcare settings increases vaccine hesitancy among ethnic minority groups
A new study examining the associations between racial and ethnic discrimination and COVID-19 vaccine refusal has found that one in ten people from ethnic minority groups who refused a vaccine experienced racial discrimination in a medical setting since the start of the pandemic.

Social media break improves mental health – new study
Asking people to stop using social media for just one week could lead to significant improvements in their wellbeing, depression and anxiety and could, in the future, be recommended as a way to help people manage their mental health say the authors of a new study.

GW to Lead International Research on Maternal, Newborn Health
The George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health is leading a new $4.8 million project funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation aimed at capturing and harmonizing data to improve global understanding of key risk factors for adverse maternal and newborn health outcomes.

Secret of getting children to get their greens is revealed by Dutch researchers
New research being presented at this year’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Maastricht, the Netherlands (4-7 May), has found that toddlers eat more vegetables if they are rewarded for trying them.

UK study in a million adults suggests under 45s and women more likely to gain weight and jump a BMI category during lockdown
New research being presented at this year’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Maastricht, Netherlands (4-7 May), suggests that most adults in the UK did not lose or gain enough weight following the first pandemic lockdown to change their body mass index (BMI) category, but indicates that young adults (aged 45 years or younger) and women were more likely to gain weight and move up at least one BMI category.

Vegan diets boost weight loss, lower blood sugar in adults with overweight or type 2 diabetes
A 12-week vegan diet may result in clinically meaningful weight loss and improve blood sugar control in overweight adults and those with type 2 diabetes, according to a meta-analysis of 11 randomized trials involving almost 800 participants (aged 18 or older), being presented at this year’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Maastricht, Netherlands (4-7 May).

Study suggests severe obesity blunts antibody response to COVID-19 vaccines
New research being presented at this year’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Maastricht, Netherlands (4-7 May), suggests that adults (aged 18 or older) with severe obesity generate a significantly weaker immune response to COVID-19 vaccination compared to those with normal weight.

Three-quarters of influencers’ social media posts about food and drinks are for unhealthy products
Most food and drink content posted by German influencers on TikTok, Instagram, and YouTube is so unhealthy it fails World Health Organization (WHO) advertising standards for children, according to new research being presented by Dr. Maria Wakolbinger and Dr. Eva Winzer from the Medical University of Vienna at this year’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Maastricht, Netherlands (4-7 May).

Study Shows Amputation, Hospitalization Rates Fell Among Minorities Following Medicaid Expansion
Rates of hospitalization and major amputations among racial and ethnic minority adults with diabetic foot ulcers decreased in states that adopted Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), according to researchers at the University of Arizona Health Sciences.

CHOP Study Finds Neighborhood Poverty and Crowding Associated with Higher Rates of COVID-19 in Pregnancy
Neighborhood characteristics, including poverty and crowding within homes, were associated with higher rates of SARS-CoV-2 in pregnancy during the prevaccination era of the pandemic, according to a new study led by researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP).

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