StudyFinds Blotter: Other Notable Health Research From April 29, 2022

There are dozens of studies, innovations, and research findings released everyday by institutions and clinics across the world. Here’s a look at some of the other notable health reports from April 29.

OHIO researcher looks into little known ‘purging disorder’
Though purging is often a condition associated with bulimia nervosa, new research at Ohio University suggests that a different kind of eating disorder could also be responsible.

New technique shows in detail where drug molecules hit their targets in the body
Scientists at Scripps Research have invented a way to image, across different tissues and with higher precision than ever before, where drugs bind to their targets in the body.

Potent TRIM21 and complement-dependent intracellular antiviral immunity requires the IgG3 hinge
In addition to their extracellular functions in host defense, IgG antibodies bound to viruses can collaborate with the cytosolic Fc receptor TRIM21 to target and degrade intracellular viruses.

A new mutation behind synucleinopathies
Parkinson’s disease and Lewy body dementia belong to a family of neurodegenerative disorders called synucleinopathies because they are caused by the pathological accumulation of protein alpha-synuclein into structures called Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites in the brain.

Scientists Detail Brain Dynamics Implicated in Neurological Conditions
When you daydream, or ruminate on something bothersome, or ponder the past, or plan for the future, the part of your brain most engaged is the default mode network, or DMN, which includes part of the prefrontal cortex.

New Model for Antibacterial Mechanism
Biologists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and their collaborators have discovered an aberrant protein that’s deadly to bacteria.

Breakthrough in how buildings can promote health and well-being
Having understood the ill-effects if sick building syndrome and the need to better conserve energy by incorporating green features, architects are also utilizing certain elements of an architectural design system shown to reduce stress, improve sleep, promote physical and mental health, thereby improving the quality of life for its inhabitants.

A novel therapy ameliorates obesity and Type 2 diabetes in mice fed a high-fat diet
A novel therapy developed at the University of Alabama at Birmingham ameliorates obesity and Type 2 diabetes in mice fed a high-fat diet.

How hypertension and ageing impact artery walls – new findings on atherosclerosis pathology
New findings show how the progression of atherosclerosis is affected by a combination of hypertension and changes to the stiffness of the artery.

AGS honors expert & emerging geriatrics leaders at 2022 Annual Scientific Meeting (#AGS22)
The American Geriatrics Society (AGS) annually honors researchers, clinicians, educators, and emerging health professionals who have made outstanding contributions to high-quality, person-centered care for older people.

Insulin spray improved gait, cognitive function in patients with and without type 2 diabetes, clinical trial shows
An estimated 25 percent of people older than 65 have type 2 diabetes, a condition in which the body cannot produce enough insulin to effectively manage blood sugar.

‘Eye-catching’ smartphone app could make it easy to screen for neurological disease at home
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed a smartphone app that could allow people to screen for Alzheimer’s disease, ADHD and other neurological diseases and disorders — by recording closeups of their eye.

Unlocking a cure for carbon monoxide poisoning
Carbon monoxide is an odorless and colorless gas made when fossil fuels burn incompletely. It’s also a silent killer.

Pitt research helps explain how Ritalin sharpens attention
Even half a century after a drug comes on the market, scientists can still learn new things about how it works.

New Studies Show Special Mental Health Risks for Certain Groups of New Doctors
The first year of medical training after medical school comes with intense stress, long work hours, irregular sleep schedules, and the risk of new or worsening symptoms of depression.

Association of 30-ft US-Mexico Border Wall in San Diego With Increased Migrant Deaths, Trauma Center Admissions, and Injury Severity
This is a retrospective trauma registry study of the University of California, San Diego level 1 trauma center, which receives patients with border wall injuries from San Diego County and Imperial County in California.

Assessment of the Prevalence and Trajectory of Depressive Symptoms by Sexual Orientation During Physician Training
In the general population, sexual minority individuals experience higher rates of depression compared with their heterosexual peers.

Association of Large Financial Incentives With COVID-19 Vaccination Uptake Among Employees of a Large Private Company
On August 6, 2021, a large medical device manufacturer announced a vaccination incentive program for US-based employees.

Burnout and Perception of Medical School Learning Environments Among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Medical Students
The perspectives of gay, lesbian, bisexual (sexual minority [SM]) students about their medical school learning environment and how they relate to burnout is poorly understood.

Stress, anxiety and depression during pregnancy may hinder toddler’s cognitive development
Women’s elevated anxiety, depression and stress during pregnancy altered key features of the fetal brain, which subsequently decreased their offspring’s cognitive development at 18 months.

Study: Unprecedented Increase in Number of Border Wall Falls and Trauma
Since 2019, there has been a five-time increase in the number of high-severity injuries occurring at the U.S.-Mexico border wall in Southern San Diego.

Future wearable health tech could measure gases released from skin
Scientists have taken the first step to creating the next generation of wearable health monitors.

Actigraphy shows promise as objective noninvasive measure of sleep-wake regulation in children with brain injury admitted for pediatric rehabilitation
A team of New Jersey researchers conducted a sleep study in inpatients in pediatric rehabilitation using an actigraph, a wrist-worn accelerometer that enables noninvasive continuous monitoring of sleep-wake cycles.

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