StudyFinds Blotter: Other Notable Health Studies & Research From May 2, 2022

There are dozens of studies, innovations, and research findings released everyday by institutions and clinics across the world. Here’s a look at some of the other notable health reports from May 2.

Family planning: Research singles out the omission that might kill 27,000 people per year
Restricting U.S. foreign aid for nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that provide information on or access to abortion-related services in developing countries may have harmful effects on maternal and child mortality and HIV incidence rates on the same scale as an ongoing civil conflict.

Taking lessons from 1918 flu pandemic, new article shows that plant-based diets reduce risks of severe COVID-19
Plant-based diets support immunity, which may decrease the risk of severe COVID-19 infection, according to a new article by researchers at the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine and published today by the American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine.

Rice process aims to strip ammonia from wastewater
A dash of ruthenium atoms on a mesh of copper nanowires could be one step toward a revolution in the global ammonia industry that also helps the environment.

Study finds how Acinetobacter baumannii survives without water on hospital surfaces
The pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii can survive on hospital surfaces—without water—for months, an ability that has helped it become a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections.

Gene editing DNA deletion sizes reduced with new fusion method developed at WFIRM
Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM) scientists working on CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing technology have developed a method to increase efficiency of editing while minimizing DNA deletion sizes, a key step toward developing gene editing therapies to treat genetic diseases.

How Creative Arts Therapy Helps Young Cancer Patients Through Their Treatment Journey
As a former dancer and dance instructor, CU Cancer Center member Jennifer Raybin, PhD, knows the power the creative arts hold to help people through challenging times.

Study: Use of School Mental Health Services Rose Just Before the Pandemic
Months after the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) declared a national emergency in child and mental health, Emory University researchers have found that use of school of mental health services went up among key adolescent groups in the year before COVID-19 struck compared to previous years in the U.S.

New Research Finds Augmented Reality Devices in the Workplace Boost Short-term Productivity, Risk Long-term Innovation and Efficiency
Companies that utilize augmented reality (AR) glasses as a new training and workforce tool to increase worker productivity risk stunting workforce innovation and ingenuity according to new research findings published in the INFORMS journal Manufacturing & Service Operations Management.

Dopamine Involved in Recognizing Emotions
The neurotransmitter dopamine, famous for its role in reward, is also involved in recognizing emotions, according to new research published in Journal of Neuroscience.

Untrained Disaster Responders Are More Prone to Suicide Years After World Trade Center Attack
Construction workers, clean-up staff and other untrained nontraditional emergency employees who assisted in recovery efforts at the World Trade Center in New York following the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, are more than five times as likely than traditional first responders to have considered suicide, according to a Rutgers study.

Self-eliminating genes tested on mosquitoes
Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists have tested a technology to make temporary genetic modifications in mosquitoes.

Mayo researchers use AI to detect weak heart pump via patients’ Apple Watch ECGs
Single-lead ECG tracings from an Apple Watch interpreted by an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm developed at Mayo Clinic effectively identified patients with a weak heart pump.

May issues of American Psychiatric Association journals cover cognitive impacts of long-term cannabis use, climate change and mental health, and tools to address children’s mental health
Psychiatric Services features research reports on issues related to the delivery of mental health services, especially for people with serious mental illness in community-based treatment programs.

Mapping research yields novel insights into DNA-protein connection, paving manner for researchers to focus on new remedies
A brand new genetic mapping research led by researchers on the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health traces hyperlinks between DNA variations and hundreds of blood proteins in two giant and distinct populations.

Gene Therapy Reverses Effects of Autism-Linked Mutation in Brain Organoids
In a study published in Nature Communications, scientists at University of California San Diego School of Medicine used human brain organoids to reveal how a genetic mutation associated with a profound form of autism disrupts neural development.

Petricoin receives funding for cell signaling analysis of immune cells with targeted inhibitors
Emanuel Petricoin, Co-Director, Center for Applied Proteomics and Molecular Medicine (CAPMM), received funding from Georgiamune, Inc., for a project in which Georgiamune, Inc., will provide cell pellets and CAPMM researchers will perform all aspects of the reverse phase protein array (RPPA) technology.

Hakami studying efficient and sensitive methods for detection of bacteria and Outer Membrane Vesicles (OMVs) in various samples
Ramin Hakami, Associate Professor, School of Systems Biology and Center for Infectious Disease Research (CIDR), is conducting research to test the efficiency and sensitivity of an immunodetection method for analyzing the presence of bacteria and outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) in various samples, including food samples.

Mayo Clinic research finds AI-enabled ECGs may identify patients at greater risk of stroke, cognitive decline
Atrial fibrillation, the most common cardiac rhythm abnormality, has been linked to one-third of ischemic strokes, the most common type of stroke.

Brain connectivity changes revealed in individuals with pre-clinical Alzheimer’s disease
A new study led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) shows the impact of early amyloid-β and tau protein accumulation on disrupting connections between brain structures that are important for memory.

Hospitals Can Reduce Antibiotic Overuse by Avoiding Unnecessary Blood Draws in Critically Ill Children, Study Shows
When a patient in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) develops a fever, physicians often routinely order a blood culture to identify the cause, particularly if they have reason to worry about sepsis, a life-threatening condition that occurs when chemicals released by immune system cells in the bloodstream to fight an infection trigger inflammation and shock throughout the body.

Nanotechnology enables visualization of RNA structures at near-atomic resolution
We live in a world made and run by RNA, the equally important sibling of the genetic molecule DNA. In fact, evolutionary biologists hypothesize that RNA existed and self-replicated even before the appearance of DNA and the proteins encoded by it.

New Study Exonerates Urban Pests Like Rats as One-of-a-Kind Disease Reservoirs
An international research team led by scientists at Georgetown University has found that city wildlife might pose less of a threat for future pandemics than once thought.

Recent Trends in School-Based Mental Health Services Among Low-Income and Racial and Ethnic Minority Adolescents
In the US, youth mental health (MH) has worsened in recent years and with the COVID-19 pandemic, causing 3 health care professional organizations that serve this population to jointly declare a youth MH crisis.

Association of Food and Nonalcoholic Beverage Marketing With Children and Adolescents’ Eating Behaviors and Health
In this systematic review and meta-analysis of 96 studies (64 randomized clinical trials, 32 nonrandomized studies), food marketing was associated with significant increases in food intake, choice, preference, and purchase requests.

New insights on the importance of skull channels for brain health
Investigators led by a team at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) that previously discovered tiny channels in the skull have now found that cerebrospinal fluid (also known as “brain water”) can exit the brain into the skull’s bone marrow through these channels.

Single-cell analysis of human testis aging and correlation with elevated body mass index
Aging men display reduced reproductive health; however, testis aging is poorly understood at the molecular and genomic levels.

The GTP responsiveness of PI5P4Kβ evolved from a compromised trade-off between activity and specificity
Unlike most kinases, phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate 4-kinase β (PI5P4Kβ) utilizes GTP as a physiological phosphate donor and regulates cell growth under stress (i.e., GTP-dependent stress resilience).

Supplement: Life course intervention research optimizes health development and children’s well-being
new Supplement released today in the journal Pediatrics suggests that although we are starting to connect the dots between events and experiences early in life and later adult health challenges, we are not doing nearly enough to intervene in childhood to optimize later health outcomes.

Youths of Color Use Photographs to Highlight Health-care Inequities throughout COVID-19 Pandemic
Youth movements for social justice are growing across the U.S. and worldwide, tackling important issues from climate change, to racial justice, to education access and gun control. In the realm of health care, youth participation can lead to greater patient understanding, engagement in services and enhanced trust in services.

Sweat Sensor Makes Big Strides in Detecting Infection Indicators
University of Texas at Dallas bioengineers in collaboration with EnLiSense LLC have designed a wearable sensor that can detect two key biomarkers of infection in human sweat, a significant step toward making it possible for users to receive early warnings of infections such as COVID-19 and influenza.

Aging and fake news: It’s not the story you think it is
Not being able to distinguish fake news from real news can have serious consequences for a person’s physical, emotional and financial well-being — especially for older adults, who in general have more financial assets and must make more high-stakes health decisions.

Story tips: Fueling up on savings, COVID’s behavior effect, cosmic collisions, seismic and sound, and space-to-ground comms
ORNL’s Communications team works with news media seeking information about the laboratory. Media may use the resources listed below or send questions to news@ornl.gov.

Study Highlights Stresses – and ‘Silver Linings’ – of Pandemic for Moms with Limited Resources
A recent study from North Carolina State University finds that mothers with limited financial resources often experienced tremendous stress during the pandemic, but that they also valued the opportunity to spend more quality time with their children.

Novel stent, from Ureteral Stent Co. and invented by University Hospitals Cleveland’s Dr. Lee Ponsky, secures FDA clearance
A new urinary stent invented by Lee Ponsky, MD, Chair of the Department of Urology and the Leo & Charlotte Goldberg Chair in Advanced Surgical Therapies at University Hospitals (UH) in Cleveland, in collaboration with Dean Secrest, recently achieved a major milestone by securing its FDA 510k clearance.

Scientists create viable, reproducing yeast-cyanobacterial hybrids
Every plant, animal or other nucleus-containing cell also harbors an array of miniature “organs” that perform essential functions for the cell. In plants, for example, organelles called chloroplasts photosynthesize to generate energy for the organism.

Researchers develop smartphone-powered microchip for at-home medical diagnostic testing
A University of Minnesota Twin Cities research team has developed a new microfluidic chip for diagnosing diseases that uses a minimal number of components and can be powered wirelessly by a smartphone. 

Over the Lips, Through the Gums, Look Out Gamers, Here It Comes — Or So It Seems
Lips are famously sensual but, together with the gums and tongue, they are also surprisingly sensitive, second only to the fingertips in nerve density. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have exploited this latter characteristic to devise a practical new way for people to receive tactile feedback in virtual worlds.

Depression detection has never been more important: PHQ-9 enables clinicians and patients to track and address depression with combined physical and emotion symptoms score
The COVID-19 pandemic, armed conflicts, economic dislocations and other concerns have affected mental health around the globe. Clinical depression, which affects 300 million individuals worldwide, is projected to increase.

‘Resetting’ the injured brain offers clues for concussion treatment
New research in mice raises the prospects for development of post-concussion therapies that could ward off cognitive decline and depression, two common conditions among people who have experienced a moderate traumatic brain injury.

Neighborhoods Most Affected by Racism, Inequities and COVID-19 Pandemic Stressors at a Greater Risk for Preterm Births, Study Finds
The cohort study follows women through pregnancy and birth to study if a SARS-CoV-2 infection, the virus that causes COVID-19, is associated with poor pregnancy outcomes.

Local food suppliers proved their value during the pandemic, so how do we ensure they thrive? Reports and Proceedings
Local food suppliers saved the day during the Covid-19 pandemic food shortages, but new research from the University of Sheffield also finds lessons need to be learnt if national food systems are to survive future crises.

New research could help identify babies at risk of brain bleeds
WEHI researchers have uncovered a new way to help identify babies and foetuses at high-risk of developing brain bleeds, paving the way for better early intervention.

YVO₄: Nd³⁺-based nanotheranostic agent for imaging and therapy of orthotopic gliomas
Glioma is an intracranial malignant tumor that still poses a major clinical challenge due to its highly invasive nature, low cure rate, and high mortality rate.

Misinformation slows the vaccination campaign according to a study by the Politecnico di Milano published in Nature Scientific Reports
Online misinformation has negatively impacted the US COVID-19 vaccination campaign. This emerges from a study by Francesco Pierri, researcher at the Politecnico di Milano, in collaboration with Indiana University as part of the H2020 Periscope project, published in Nature Scientific Reports.

Researchers discover pathways to severe COVID-19 in children
Researchers have discovered the blood clotting and immune protein pathways that are activated in severe cases of COVID-19 in children, paving the way for earlier diagnosis and more targeted treatments.

Remaining increase in cancer risk after high childhood BMI
Men who had a high body mass index (BMI) as children are at an elevated risk of obesity-related cancer later in life, even if their weight was normal in young adulthood, according to a new study from University of Gothenburg.

Reducing Sedentary Time Mitigates the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases
A new study suggests that reducing daily sedentary time can have a positive effect on the risk factors of lifestyle diseases already in three months.

ARRS Annual Meeting: Cancer Screening Accessibility Among American Indian, Alaskan Native Tribes
Scientific E-Poster presented during the 2022 ARRS Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA noted how American Indian and Alaskan Native (AI/AN) populations have nearly three times higher incidence rates of lung and colorectal cancer than other ethnic groups—patterns influenced by income, rurality, education, and transportation.

Nothing to cry about: The development of tear duct organoids
Advancements in cell culture methods have allowed for the development of organoids—stem cell-derived mini-organs that mimic the tissue organization of our body.

Public participation in environmental planning suffered during COVID-19 crisis in Ontario
Public participation in environmental decisions in Ontario declined significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic, raising concerns the system failed to protect a core value at a time of crisis.

Cancer rates declining in Canada but cases, deaths increasing because of demographic factors
Overall the number of cancers in Canada is declining, but the number of cancer cases and deaths is increasing slightly due to population growth and aging, according to a new study on cancer data published in CMAJ (Journal of the Canadian Medical Association).

Study finds children with vegetarian diet have similar growth and nutrition compared to children who eat meat
A study of nearly 9,000 children found those who eat a vegetarian diet had similar measures of growth and nutrition compared to children who eat meat.

Cilia-free stem cells offer new path to study rare diseases
A group of rare diseases called ciliopathies — polycystic kidney disease notable among them — emerge from defects in cilia.

Does autism begin in the womb?
An international research group led by Professor Toru Takumi (Senior Visiting Scientist, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research) and Researcher Chia-wen Lin at Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine has shown that idiopathic autism*1 is caused by epigenetic*2 abnormalities in hematopoietic cells during fetal development, which results in immune dysregulation in the brain and gut.

Ablation therapy applied to stomach disorders
Researchers from the Auckland Bioengineering Institute have shown that ablation therapy, often used to correct an abnormally beating heart, could be used to correct disorders of the stomach.

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